Workshop 1/ Universalisation of health care (Winter School 2014)

A methodological workshop proposed by:


Bertrand Lefebvre, Geography
University of Rouen, Faculty of Tropical Medicine of Bangkok

Invited Tutors:

Audrey Bochaton, Geography
University Paris Ouest Nanterre

Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay, Economy
Indian Statistical Institute Delhi

Venkat Raman, Health Services Management
Faculty of Management Studies University of Delhi

Olivier Telle, Geography
Institut Pasteur Paris, Centre de Sciences Humaines de New Delhi


Universalisation of health care is at the heart of health policy in India since Independence in 1947. Since then, the country has experienced different models to improve access to health services and ensure universal care to entire population.

Despite the proliferation of governmental and private initiatives, the majority of the Indian population still has great difficulty in obtaining appropriate health care services. Along problems of spatial distribution of health services, other barriers stand between patients and health care services. Health expenditures are for example the second cause of indebtedness of rural families. In 2004-05, 39 Million people slipped into poverty due to health spending (NSSO 2004-05).

Availability of services, financial, organizational, social and cultural barriers as well as health needs are all components of access to health, and whose evaluation requires a multidisciplinary approach.

This workshop  presented various approaches and methodologies to assess programs and policies aimed at universal health care in India. For a more detailed presentation of the workshop click on the following file:

Workshop 1 Presentation [PDF]provisional programme