This ambitious project of Indo-French cooperation in social sciences has been designed with a view towards developing a multi-year programme of intensive and multidisciplinary training workshops addressing theoretical and methodological issues in social science research. This practical setup provides each and everyone with the opportunity of sharing experiences and research ideas.
This training workshop has three main objectives:
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Venkatesh Balasundaram Athreya has made a remarkable contribution to the growth of Department of Economics at Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirapalli where he served from 1977 to 2008 when he retired. He has also held faculty positions/Fellowships/Visiting Scholarships in a number of reputed academic institutions in India and abroad. These include the University of Wisconsin and Bucknell University in the USA, Oxford University and the University of Cambridge in UK, Lund University in Sweden, the Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies in Copenhagen, IIT, Chennai, MIDS, Chennai and CDS, Thiruvananthapuram. He has written over a hundred research papers including several research reports and monographs. He has authored/coauthored five books. He has been actively involved in the areas of gender, literacy and development as both planner and social activist. He has won a number of awards and honours, the most recent one being the Distinguished Achievement Award for Political Economy in the 21st Century by the World Association of Political Economy in May 2014.
Tristan Bruslé is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Himalayan Studies of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), currently based at the Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities (CSSH, New Delhi). His PhD dissertation in human geography (2006) examined temporary Nepalese migrations to India, processes and integration. In the research project TerrFerme (financed by the French National Research Agency), he got interested in labour migration from Nepal to the Gulf, with a special focus on lodging patterns and the multiple ways workers’ lives are controlled. As part of other projects he has also studied the Nepalese diaspora in Assam and developed a comprehensive analysis of the Nepalese digital diaspora through the study of websites and their interconexions. As a member of a running research project (TerreEau) focusing on peasantry, his current research addresses the impact of labour outmigration on sending communities in the Nepalese lowlands (Terai), especially regarding land ownership.
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Workshop 1 : Documenting Processes of Spatial Mobility: Qualitative and Ethnographic Approaches
- Dr Rémy Delage : Geographer (Centre for South Asian Studies, CNRS-EHESS, Paris / IFP, Pondicherry)
- Dr Aurélie Varrel : Geographer (IFP, Pondicherry / Centre for South Asian Studies, CNRS-EHESS, Paris)
- Dr Tristan Bruslé : Geographer (CSH, New Delhi / Centre for Himalayan Studies, CNRS, Paris)
- Dr Marie Percot : Anthropologist (Paris)
Argument-Purpose : This workshop focuses on the theory and practice of ethnographic fieldwork in South Asia and beyond, primarily discussing conceptual and methodological issues regarding the observation, description and analysis of various types of spatial mobilities (daily commuting, seasonal migration, international labour migration, etc.). The paradigm of the opposition between society of departure (homeland) and host society (hostland) being outdated, it is rather in terms of continuity and not rupture with the society of origin that we reason.
While drawing some concepts and innovative tools drawn from French human geography and Anglo-Saxon migration studies, our aim is to provide students with an intensive training course presenting theories, concepts and ethnographic research methods relating to mobility (Day 1). Mobility is not only envisaged as a research object, but also as a fluid process and as an efficient method of investigation, within a network of interlinked field sites. Indeed, historians, anthropologists and geographers share a common method for apprehending migration processes and describing transnational networks, that is the multi-sited and mobile/itinerant ethnography, as introduced and popularized by George Marcus (1995), brilliantly debated, critiqued and practiced by Alessandro Monsutti (2010), and well synthesized by Ester Gallo (2009), Karen O’Reilly (2009) and Novoa (2015), among others. Various case studies focusing on South Asia and diasporic contexts will then complement and illustrate the formal training (Day 2). The third day of the workshop will take the form of a collaborative session between scholars and students during which a research topic will be chosen and defined, developed and finalized into a formal research proposal while using the concepts and methods taught during the first two days (Day 3).
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Workshop 2: Using Survey Data to Understand Social and Geographical Mobility
- Dr Christophe Jalil Nordman – Economist (IRD, DIAL and IFP, Pondicherry)
- Prof. Aswhini Deshpande – Economist (Delhi School of Economics, New Delhi)
- Dr Véronique Gille – Economist (IRD, DIAL, France)
- Prof. Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay – Economist (Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi)
- Dr Jean-Noël Senne – Economist (Université Paris-Sud, France)
Argument-purpose: Social and geographical mobility is of growing interest to policy makers and economists and is an expending research field. Economists usually use survey data to understand the determinants and the extent of social and geographical mobility. The analysis of data on social and geographical mobility requires the mobilization of specific knowledge.
In this proposed workshop, trainees will be introduced to the state-of-the-art in social and geographical mobility. The main objective of the course is to review what we know about mobility and what the open questions in this field are. At the end of the course the students will have understood what still needs to be done in this field, as well as the limitations of survey data to study these questions and how to overcome them.
The course will be spread over three days. It will combine interactive lecture sessions and tutorials. In the lecture sessions students will be exposed to the research frontier in the field of social and geographical mobility. In the tutorial they will be using the statistical software STATA to analyse survey data on social and geographical mobility. The empirical application will be using the longitudinal village level study from Palanpur (India).
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